"Only The Strongest Fight Throughout Their Entire Lives"  

Prof. Dr.Theodor Bergmann (1916-2017)

 It seemed that the older he grew the less likely it was that he could actually die.  Even after Theodor Bergmann celebrated his 100th birthday, this indefatigable Professor of Agricultural Sciences and, later on, historian of the labor movement continued his busy schedule of delivering public lectures and authoring books.  He ever sparkled with vitality and new ideas.  Just a few months ago, the VSA-Verlag published Der chinesische Weg. Versuch, eine ferne Entwicklung zu verstehen. [The Chinese Way. An Attempt to Understand a Development in a Far-Away Place.] It turned out to be his last book. On June 12th, Theodor Bergmann passed away, -- being well into his one hundredth and second year, -- in his elected home of Stuttgart, Germany. With his death, the last living connection to the labor movement of the Weimar Republic has been severed: he was the final surviving participant and eye witness.   

 Born on March 7th, 1916, in Berlin, to a large Rabbinical family, young Theo joined the Communist movement in 1929, but he did not join the Communist Party of Germany [KPD].  Instead, he opted for the anti-Stalinist KPD-Opposition, the KPO, which had coalesced around Heinrich Brandler and August Thalheimer.  Theodor Bergmann remained committed to their example, of a critical Marxism, for the rest of his long life. He searched for a world, where freedom and social justice would be intrinsically connected.  To him, only a truly emancipatory socialism had the potential to bring such a world into existence; yet, Theodor Bergmann also knew, only too well, what Bertolt Brecht had alluded to, when he characterized socialism as “the simple thing that is so difficult to do.” 

 Theodor Bergmann was only 17 years old in 1933, when the Nazi rise to power forced him into exile – to Palestine, Czechoslovakia, and Sweden, as stops along the way. His life was hard and often dangerous, and twice the Nazis came very close to capturing him.  In 1946, he returned to West Germany, as Stalinist East Germany was no alternative to him.  He found political belonging, in the group “Arbeiterpolitik” [Worker’s Politics], and also a personal home with comrade Gretel Steinhilber, who, like Theo, was active within the KPO.  In his memoirs (that he updated and republished on the occasion of his 100th birthday), he described succinctly how arduous his journey had been, from having been an agricultural laborer, living in exile, to finally becoming a professor, for Internationally-Comparative Agricultural Policy at the University of Stuttgart-Hohenheim.  And not surprisingly, more than a few “colleagues,” -- with a Nazi past, -- tried to undermine and sabotage Theodor Bergmann’s academic career.

 Ultimately, Bergmann prevailed, thanks to his legendary work energy, immense discipline, and an unyielding optimism -- that defined him until his last day.  The range of his productivity and creativity is underscored by the over 60 books that he either wrote or edited, as well as his several-hundred published scholarly papers, and another several-hundred journalistic pieces, -- which have appeared on five different continents.  He generously shared his immense knowledge and insights, without being pretentious or condescending, and was a genuine socialist Weltbürger, a citizen of the world.  Bergmann was fluent in five languages, both as a writer and as a speaker. On top of that, he had a reading knowledge of another half-dozen languages as well.  No fewer than seventeen times, he traveled to China on his own dime and to Israel even more frequently.  There were many trips to India and Pakistan, among many other countries, in order to better “understand developments" there. 

 Never an armchair academic, Theo Bergman, while living in exile, worked as a Hebrew teacher, a mine worker, and as an agricultural laborer.  Agriculture became his chosen field, when he could finally consider a more academic career.  In 1947, he was finally able to finish his college degree in agricultural science in Bonn.  He had begun his studies in exile but was prevented by circumstances from finishing until after World War II.  Yet, even with his degree in hand, any thought of an academic career seemed unrealistic for a long time to come.  As an unskilled worker in the metal-processing industry, later on as an employee of the Chamber of Agricultural Affairs in Hannover, and finally as a project leader in Turkey, Bergmann worked to complete his Doctoral degree, as well as his second Doctoral Degree [the so-called Habilitation: the prerequisite for university teaching].  This was in addition to his regular professional duties and without much support.  It was not until 1973 that he became a professor in Stuttgart-Hohenheim.  There, he helped students who were targeted by the anti-Leftist witch hunts of the era, including the extensive black listings and other forms of harassment, and he offered his help regardless of whether he agreed with the specific ideological perspective of the targeted students or not. 

 Theodor Bergmann’s field of specialization, in his teaching as well as in his research, focused on the comparative study of the developmental agricultural models and cooperatives in different countries, especially China, India, and Israel.  Even today, his former students and Ph.D. candidates speak fondly about his helpfulness, his impressive expertise, and his exceedingly well-rounded humanistic learning.  While being unassuming and approachable, Bergmann nevertheless demanded a great deal from his students, – while always arguably demanding the most from himself. 

 The history and politics of the labor movement became increasingly central to Bergmann’s intellectual activities, especially after his official retirement, which led him to be busier than ever. His history of the anti-Stalinist KPO, entitled Gegen den Strom [Against the Current], appeared first in 1987 and has come out in several new and expanded editions since.  It is now a well-established classic in the field.  In addition, he wrote well-documented works on the Comintern, the Spanish Civil War, the Israeli-Arab Conflict, to mention just a few. Theo Bergmann also initiated, together with his colleague and friend Gert Schäfer, a range of international conferences on the history and current problems of the labor and union movements, e.g. on Karl Marx and August Thalheimer in 1983 and 1984, in the Stuttgart area, also on Trotsky, Bukharin, Lenin, the Russian Revolution, and Friedrich Engels – among others. In word and deed, and via his extensive networking skills, he supported the work of the Rosa Luxemburg Society presenting own papers at its conferences, editing several conference readers and initiatating and co-organizing the important international congress of the International Rosa Luxemburg Society in Guangzhou/Canton in 2004 with an eventful information tour around the Chinese country side.

 Theodor Bergmann saw himself as a critical Marxist. Hence it was no surprise that his work was banned in the former GDR. Yet, it was only natural for him to come to the aid of East Germany’s disenfranchised scholars after 1990, -- despite the fact that they were supposed to denounce Theodor Bergmann as a “revisionist” and “renegade,” during the GDR’s existence.  He joined the PDS [Party for Democratic Socialism – the new organization that emerged from the ashes of the old SED ruling party] and led its state division in Baden-Württemberg for some time, remaining active in the political-education efforts of the party until the end of his life.  

 Theo Bergmann especially enjoyed speaking in front of high school students, and he was frequently invited to do so.  He placed great important on sharing his personal experiences, -- as his long life of great peril and important insights fascinated the politically-curious from younger generations. I myself recall rather fondly how my college students in Potsdam/Germany stood open-mouthed, as Theo Bergmann concluded a freely-delivered talk, followed by a spirited discussion and Q & A session, and then finished with the remark: “I hope that I have not exhausted you too much.”  At that point, Theo Bergmann was already over 100-years old.

 Theodor Bergmann was consequent and consistent in his thinking and conduct. Yet, he could also empathize with the human shortcomings in others, as not everybody could always fight.  Those who falter don’t need our constant criticism, but they always need our solidarity. Theo embodied Bertolt Brecht's sentiment that "[t]he weak do not fight.  The stronger ones fight for maybe an hour. Those who are even stronger might fight for many years.  But the strongest fight during the entire lives. They are indispensable." 

Theodor Bergmann never thought of himself as indispensable. But he was it.

Text by 
Mario Kessler.
riginally published in German, 14 June 2017, in
Neues Deutschland,
translated into English by Axel Fair-Schulz, with a few supplements by Ottokar Luban



International R o s a – L u x e m b u r g – S o c i e t y (IRLS)
Founded by Prof. Dr. Narihiko ITO in 1980

End of August 2016

Dear friends of the IRLS,

due to severe health problems especially with his eye sight it is no more possible for our chairman Prof. Dr. Narihiko Ito to make long journeys for participating in our conferences and to correspond directly with the colleagues of the IRLS. Therefore Prof. Ito recognized himself that we need a successor (or successors) to continue his work with the IRLS.

With his own profound research results, with the International Rosa Luxemburg Society (IRLS), founded by him in 1980, its conferences and publications, he made a very strong and crucial impact on the international academic community to keep Rosa Luxemburg’s ideas not only alive but to spread them all over the world.

You can see the success of these activities in recent monographs on Rosa Luxemburg in many countries like Argentina, Brazil, China, France, Germany, Great-Britain, India, new conference volumes in China, Japan, and France, also new editions of her works in Brazil, France, (South-)Korea, Germany and – most important – the big crucial projects of the Complete Rosa Luxemburg Works in English with the chief editor Prof. Dr. Peter Hudis, in French by the Collectif Smolny, and in Chinese (!!!) by the Rosa Luxemburg scholars of the University of Wuhan with Prof. Dr. He Ping. Crucial editions of yet unprinted works in German or from Polish were published or are going to be published soon under the editorship of Prof. Dr. Annelies Laschitza – together with Dr. Eckhard Müller – and for the translating and editing of the Polish works Dr. Holger Politt.

To a great extent this is the result of Prof. Ito’s long lasting intensive activities of many decades since the 1970 years. If the IRLS would not exist anymore an important element of promoting Rosa Luxemburg’s alternative understanding of socialism would be missed. In today’s world we are greatly in need of it.

After an intense exchange of opinions we found the following new organizational structure:

  • Prof. (em.) Dr. Narihiko Ito, Chuo University, Tokyo, Japan, will keep in touch with the IRLS as honorary chairman.
  • In the future we will have a chair trio:
  • Prof. (retired) Dr. Sobhanlal Datta Gupta, University of Calcutta, India,
  • Prof. Dr. William A. Pelz, Elgin College, Illinois, USA, and
  • Prof. Dr. Pablo Slavin, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Argentina.
  • Ottokar Luban, Berlin, Germany, will stay as voluntary secretary of the IRLS.  
  • Meanwhile we have constituted an advisory board, too (see the names below). The chairs together with the advisory board and the voluntary secretary now have the task to initiate the next international scientific Rosa Luxemburg conference in 2018 and find at first a venue for it.
    Narihiko Ito has contributed so much for keeping Rosa Luxemburg’s ideas alive and to spread them around the world. So we think it’s our duty to continue his work.

 Best wishes

 Sobhanlal Datta Gupta, sobhanlaldattagupta@gmail.com

William A. Pelz, bpelz@elgin.edu

Pablo Slavin, slavinpe@gmail.com

Ottokar Luban, oluban@gmx.de


Advisory Board of the

International Rosa Luxemburg Society

Jacqueline Bois (France), Prof. Dr. Frigga Haug (Germany),
Prof. Dr. He Ping (China), Prof. Dr. Annelies Laschitza (Germany), Prof. Dr. Isabel Loureiro (Brazil), Prof. Dr. Sandra Rein (Canada), Tanja Storlokken (Norway), Dr. Evelin Wittich (Germany), Prof. Dr. Xiong Min (China), Prof. Dr. Zhang Wenhong (China),
Prof. Dr. Riccardo Bellofiore (Italy), Prof. Dr. Theodor Bergmann (Germany),
 Dr. Rory Castle (Great Britain), Prof. Dr. Axel Fair-Schultz (USA),
Prof. Dr. Jean-François Fayet (Switzerland), Dr. Jean–Numa Ducange (France),
Prof. Dr. Alexey Gusev (Russia), Prof. Dr. Peter Hudis (USA), Prof. Dr. Klaus Kinner (Germany), Prof. Dr. Michael Kraetke (Great Britain), Prof. Dr. Paul LeBlanc (USA),
Ben Lewis (Great Britain), Prof. Dr. Michael Loewy (France), Dr. Eckhard Mueller (Germany), Dr. David Muhlmann (France), Dr. Holger Politt (Poland), Dr. Ingo Schmidt (Canada),
Dr. Joern Schuetrumpf (Germany),Eric Sevault (France), Dr. Fritz Weber (Austria),
Prof. Dr. Wu Xinwei (China)


Recent Editions of Rosa Luxemburg’s Works

- The Letters of Rosa Luxemburg. Edited by Annelies Laschitza, Georg Adler, and Peter Hudis. Verso Publisher’s House New York / London 2011, Hardback, 609 pages, ISBN-13: 978-1-84467-453-4

- The Complete Works of Rosa Luxemburg, Volume 1: Economic Writings I. Edited by Peter Hudis, Verso Publisher’s House, New York/London 2013, Hardback, 464 pages, ISBN-13: 978-1-84467-974-4

- The Complete Works of Rosa Luxemburg, Volume II: Economic Writings 2. Edited by Peter Hudis, and Paul LeBlanc, Verso Publisher’s House, New York/London 2015, Hardback, 576 pages; ISBN-13: 978-1-78168-852-6

 In Preparation
The Complete Works of Rosa Luxemburg, Volume III: Writings and Speeches on Revolution. Edited by William A. Pelz, Verso Publisher’s House New York / London (expected publication in 2017)
All volumes of the Complete Works contain always a number of writings and speeches yet unprinted in English or even in German.

Edition in German
- Rosa Luxemburg: Gesammelte Werke, Band 6, 1893 bis 1906. Hrsg. u. bearb. von Annelies Laschitza und Eckhard Müller, Karl Dietz Verlag, Berlin 2014, Hardback, 990 pages, ISBN: 978-3-320-02301-0

In Preparation:
Rosa Luxemburg: Gesammelte Werke, Band 7, 1907-1919. Hrsg. u. bearb. von Annelies Laschitza und Eckhard Müller, Karl Dietz Verlag Berlin 2017
Both volumes of the Gesammelte Werke [Collected Works] contain writings and speeches mostly yet unprinted.

  • In Preparation:
  • Rosa Luxemburg: Gesammelte Werke, Band 8, Polnische Texte. hrsg. und aus dem Polnischen übersetzt von Holger Politt, Karl Dietz Verlag Berlin (expected publication in 2017)
  • This volume contains the German translation of Luxemburg’s Polish writings and speeches yet unknown to the non Polish community of historians.

  • P r e publication of the works translated from Polish (later in Gesammelte Werke, Bd. 8):
    Rosa Luxemburg: Das unabhängige Polen und die Arbeiterfrage, aus dem Polnischen übersetzt und eingeleitet von Holger Politt, in: Klaus Kinner (ed.): Neue Texte von Rosa Luxemburg, Leipzig 2011
  • Rosa Luxemburg: Nationalitätenfrage und Autonomie, hrsg. u. übers. von Holger Politt, Berlin 2012
  • Rosa Luxemburg: Nach dem Pogrom. Texte über Antisemitismus, 1910/11, hrsg. und aus dem Polnischen übersetzt von Holger Politt, Potsdam 2014
  • Rosa Luxemburg: Arbeiterrevolution 1905/06. Polnische Texte, hrsg. u. übers. v. Holger Politt, Berlin 2015
  • Œuvres complètes de Rosa Luxemburg (OCRL)

    — LUXEMBURG Rosa, Introduction à l’économie politique, préface de Louis Janover, traduction revue de Jacqueline Bois, Marseille, Agone & Smolny, OCRL - Tome I, 2009, 480 pp.
    — LUXEMBURG Rosa, À l’é
    cole du socialisme, traduit de l’allemand par Lucie Roignant, postface par Michael Krätke, Marseille, Agone & Smolny, OCRRL - Tome II, 2012, 272 pp.
    — LUXEMBURG Rosa,
    Le Socialisme en France, édition établie et préfacée par Jean-Numa Ducange, traduit de l’allemand par Daniel Guérin et Lucie Roignant, traduit du polonais par Aleksander Jousselin, Marseille, Agone & Smolny, OCRL - Tome III, 2013, 300 pp.
    — LUXEMBURG Rosa, La Brochure de Junius, la guerre et lメInternationale (1907-1916), traduit de l’allemand par Marie Hermann, Introduction de J.C. & E.S., Marseille, Agone & Qmolny, OCRL - Tome IV, 2014, 232 pp.

    — LUXEMBURG Rosa, La Révolution Russe, Paris, Éditions de l’Aube, 2013, réédition à l’identique de l’édition de 2007, 112 pp.

    — LUXEMBURG Rosa, Rosa, la vie - Lettres de Rosa Luxemburg, livre+CD, traduit de l’allemand par Laure Bernardi et Anouk Grimberg, introduction d’Edwy Plenel, Paris, Éditions de l’atelier, 2009, 252 pp. — contient 61 lettres (ou extraits).


Conference Reader with Papers (in French) of the Congress in 
Paris, Sorbonne, October 2013:
Special issue of the Journal

Agone No. 59, 2016

Révolution et démocratie.

Actualité de Rosa Luxemburg

ISBN : 9782748902297, 20.00 € 

Coordination : Éric Sevault & Philippe Olivera

Alexeï Gusev: Rosa Luxemburg et la démocratie socialiste. Un jalon essentiel dans l’histoire de la pensée marxiste, 
Ottokar Luban: La spontanéité créative des masses selon Rosa Luxemburg,
Michael Löwy: “Le coup de marteau de la révolution” La critique de la démocratie bourgeoise chez Rosa Luxemburg,
Sobhanlal Data Gupta La démocratie révolutionnaire chez Rosa Luxemburg à la lumière de sa correspondance,
Claudie Weil: Les libertés contre les droits : nation et démocratie chez Rosa Luxemburg,
Ben Lewis: Rosa Luxemburg et la République,
David Muhlmann: Du contenu de la démocratie socialiste,
Isabel Loureiro: Une démocratie par l’expérience révolutionnaire. Lukacs, lecteur de Rosa Luxemburg,
Jörg Wollenberg: Rosa Luxemburg et la “liberté de ceux qui pensent autrement”. Le groupe Neuer Weg et l’édition de la Révolution russe à Paris en 1939, 
Frigga Haug: Sur les traces de Rosa Luxemburg, pour une démocratie par le bas.


  • Further P u b l i c a t i o n s
  • - Ralf Hoffrogge / Norman La Porte (ed.): Weimar Communism as Mass Movement, 1918 -1933, Lawrence and Wishart Chadwell Heath 2017, ISBN 9781910448984 (Authors: Gerhard Engel, Ottokar Luban, Florian Wilde, Ralf Hoffrogge, Mario Kessler, Norman LaPorte, Marcel Bois, Constance Margain, Stefan Heinz, Sebastian Zehetmair, Ben Fowkes, Frederik Petersson,Bernhard H. Bayerlein)
  • - Xiong Min: Rosa Luxemburg in China: 90 Years of Ups and Downs
     July 15, 2017, originally presented at the Left Forum, New York, June 2015
     in: http://newpol.org/content/rosa-luxemburg-china-ninety-years-ups-and-downs

    Xiong Min, Associate Professor, School of Marxism, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan, Visiting Scholar for 2016-17, Dep. of Sociology, University of California, Santa Barbara 
    - Eric Hobsbawm: The Birth of a Holiday. The late Marxist historian Eric Hobsbawm recounts the origins of International Workers' Day; in: Jacobin, 05.01.2017: https://www.jacobinmag.com/2017/05/the-birth-of-a-holiday
    - Mark Harris: The Revolutionary Imagination: Rosa for Our Times; in: Counterpunch, 21.07.2017; https://www.counterpunch.org/2017/07/21/the-revolutionary-imagination-rosa-for-our-times

  • - Sobhanlal Datta Gupta: Rosa Luxemburg, Seribaan Publisher House Kolkata, India, 2015, Part I of the Series “The Socialist Vision and the Silenced Voices of Democracy: New Perspectives”. ISBN: 81-87492-51-1
  • - Ralf Hoffrogge: Working Class Politics in the German Revolution. Richard Müller, the Revolutionary Shop Stewards and the Origins of the Concil Movement, Chicago 2015
    - Riccardo Bellofiore (ed.): Rosa Luxemburg and the critique of political economy [papers of the conference in Bergamo December 2004], London 2009 (see: contents to the right on this site)

    Subhanlal Datta Gupta: Comintern and the Destiny of communism in India 1919-1943. Dialectics of Real and a Possible History, Seribaan 2006

    - Peter Hudis & Kevin B. Anderson (Hg.): The Rosa Luxemburg Reader, New York 2004

    - Narihiko Ito: Is the national question an aporia for humanity? How to read Rosa Luxemburg's “The national question and autonomy”, 
    inResearch in Political Economy, Volume 26 [2010], Emerald Group Publishing Limited Howard House, Bingley, U. K., ISSN: 0161-7230
    also available online at: www.emeraldinsight.com/books.htm?issn=0161-7230

    - Mathilde Jacob: Rosa Luxemburg. An Intimate Portrait, translated by Hans Fernbach with an introduction by David Fernbach, London 2000

    - Paul LeBlanc (Hg.): Rosa Luxemburg. Reflections and Writings, Amherst / New York 1999

    - Helmut Konrad (ed.): Masao Nishikawa: Socialists and International Actions for Peace 1914 - 1923, Berlin 2010

    - William A. Pelz: Karl Marx - A World to Win, Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall/Pearson, 2011,ISBN: 0321355830, 131 pages, including chronology, glossaries, index, Paperback, $22.67

    - Nirmal Ray: Rosa Luxemburg. A Revolutionary Socialist, vol. I, Kolkata [India] 2005
    - Nirmal Ray: Rosa Luxemburg. Life and Personality [vol. II], Kolkata 2007
    - Nirmal Ray: Rosa Luxemburg on Literature and Art, vol. II, Kolkata 2010, ISBN: 13-978-81-905962-3

    -Sobhanlal Datta Gupta: Rosa Luxemburg, Seribaan Publisher House Kolkata, India, 2015, Part I of the Series “The Socialist Vision and the Silenced Voices of Democracy: New Perspectives”. ISBN: 81-87492-51-1

  • - Kate Evans: Red Rosa, a Graphic Biography of Rosa Luxemburg, written and illustrated by Kate Evans, edited and with an afterword by Paul Buhle, London /Brooklyn, N.Y., 2015. ISBN-13: 978-1-78478-099-9 7
  • Ian Angus: The origin of Rosa Luxemburg’s slogan ‘socialism or barbarism’, in: http://johnriddell.wordpress.com/2014/10/21/the-origin-of-rosa-luxemburgs-slogan-socialism-or-barbarism/ October 21, 2014
    Already cleared up much earlier by: Paul Hampton:
    review of: “The global fight for climate justice”€ (ed. Ian Angus), in: Workers’ Liberty, Submitted by martin on 9 September, 2009, http://www.workersliberty.org/story/2009/09/09/who-will-win-green-socialism-workers-or-vague-alliance
  • Conference Papers. The Accumulation of Capital [Rosa Luxemburg]. A century-old work remains current, provocative and seminal.
    Seminar of the Rosa-Luxemburg-Foundation in March 2014.

    Downloads of some of the presented seminar papers (Peter Hudis, He Ping, Klaus Dörre, Patrick Bond): http://bit.ly/1fb2CRy
  • - Jacqueline Rose: Women in Dark Times, London 2014

  • - Rosemary H. T. O’Kane: Rosa Luxemburg in Action: For Revolution and Democracy, London 2014
  • - Stefanie Ehmsen and Albert Scharenberg (eds), Rosa Remix, New York: Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, 2016, download of complete text: http://www.rosalux-nyc.org/wp-content/files_mf/rosa_remixtxt_web.pdf

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Professor Narihiko Ito (2031 – 2017)

Founder and (honorable) Chairman of the International Rosa Luxemburg Society

On 29 November 2017 at the age of 86 Professor Narihiko Ito, the Japanese Rosa Luxemburg and peace researcher, passed away. 

Narihiko Ito was born in 1931 in the old imperial capital of Kamakura which was his residence most of his life time. Till his retirement as Emeritus Professor in 2002, he taught as a distinguished professor in the faculty of Social Sciences at the Chuô University in Tokyo. In between he acted as Visiting Professor in places among which particularly notable is the University of Osnabrück (Germany). Since his young days his social, political and scientific engagement has been concentrated on peace and conflict research. Among his numerous international activities what needs to be stressed in this context is that in 2002-2004 he acted as the Co-Chairman of the International Criminal Tribunal for Afghanistan (IC-TA) and in 2004-2005 of the International Criminal Tribunal for Iraq (ICTI).

Among the researchers he obtained international reputation particularly through his sustained activities over three and half decades as the chairman of the International Rosa Luxemburg Society, which was founded in Zürich in 1980 on his initiative. Since then the Society has held many scientific conferences with large international participation in different cities of the world (Beijing, Berlin [2x], Bochum [Germany], Chicago, Guangzhou [China], Hamburg, Moscow, Paris [2x], Seoul, Tampere [Finland], Tokyo [2x], Warsaw, Zürich [2x]) and has, besides, published a series of conference volumes. In the years of the “Cold War” his special concern was to see to it that Rosa Luxemburg researchers from the East and the West could meet and come to an understanding. Further, as a Member of the Advisory Body and as a representative of Japanese social scientists Narihiko Ito has, for many decades, collaborated with the International Conference of Labor and Social History – ITH -- in its annual conferences held in Linz.   

The list of his publications in Japanese, German and English is long. To name, for example : in Japanese : “Light towards overcoming of Darkness --- For Relations between Japan and Korea in the 21st century” (2000); “A History of Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution” (2001, Korean translation 2005, German translation 2006); “Peace and Justice in Palestine !” (2002); in German : ‘Rosa Luxemburg “I embrace you, I so much long for you ”. Letters from Prison 1915-1918’ (Bonn 1980, 1984, 1996); “Japan and peaceful reunification of Korea” (Osnabrück, 2002); “The Peace Article of the Japanese Constitution --- for a World without War and Militarism” (Münster 2006); with Annelies Laschitza & Ottokar Luban (eds.) “Rosa Luxemburg. Economic and historic-political aspects of her Work” (Berlin 2010); German/English: “Guide to the Thought of Rosa Luxemburg” (Tokyo 2007). In 2011 he was conferred the “Literati Network Award for Excellence 2011” for his essay “Is the national question an aporia for humanity? How to read Rosa Luxemburg’s ‘The national question and autonomy’”, in: Research in Political Economy, 2011/vol. 26.

The major accomplishment of his life has been the struggle for the retention of Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution, which forbids the right to wage war, the working of which the conservative Japanese regime has always tried to strike at. Among other activities he has been involved in intensive activities concerning an understanding with Korea after the end of Japanese colonial rule. On the occasion of the centenary of Japan’s annexation of Korea Narihiko Ito organized a big Congress in Tokyo in 2010 in which more than 1000 persons participated. No such comparable event has taken place in the two Koreas. A decade long friendship tied him in 2009 with the deceased South Korean President Kim Dae-Jong, the initiator of “sunshine politics”. As member of the Steering Committee of the Annual China-Japan Civil meet for Peace in Asia as well as a Rosa Luxemburg researcher since 1986 he has been tied up with the Chinese colleagues towards building up important contacts for reconciliation with China, which was once occupied by Japan.            

The other meaningful achievement of his life has been his self-funded work on Rosa Luxemburg and the constant, intensive inspiration that he has provided to international Rosa Luxemburg research through the scholarly network, the International Rosa Luxemburg Society, which he has guided. Thus, he initiated even the last international Rosa Luxemburg conferences in Moscow (2011), Paris (2013) and Seoul (2015) and in 2014 brought out a volume in Japanese comprising the presentations made in these conferences. Despite his impaired health, particularly his eye sight, as its honored chairman his wide contacts with the International Rosa Luxemburg Society continue. Because of this inspiration a wide range of essays, monographs, editions, conference volumes over Rosa Luxemburg has appeared in different parts of the world over the last few years : in Argentina, Brazil, China, Japan, Germany, France, Great Britain, India, South Korea, USA (see: site “Weitere Ankündigungen”).  

Most importantly, supplementary volumes of the hitherto unknown works of Rosa Luxemburg are being published under the editorship of Annelies Laschitza and Eckhard Müller (2 volumes, each 900 pages) and Holger Politt is engaged in editing the translations of the Polish works as well. For international Rosa Luxemburg research what is of great importance is the English language project of “The Complete Works of Rosa Luxemburg” in which two volumes, under the chief editorship of Peter Hudis, have appeared (see: site “Weitere Ankündigungen”) and there is also the Chinese project of bringing out an edition of the complete works. In France too, after publication of three volumes a complete edition of Luxemburg’s works is being worked upon (see: site “Français).      

Professor Narihiko Ito has contributed as a prominent motive builder that Rosa Luxemburg’s ideas have not only stayed alive but the circulation of her ideas is being experienced internationally too very widely. His colleagues and friends all over the world will keep his legacy and continue his work.  

Prepared by György Széll and Ottokar Luban - Translation into English: Sobhanlal Datta Gupta


Past Event: International Conference on Rosa Luxemburg

Paris, October 2013

RL Kopf Paris2

You find a first report in English on the website

Videos of all lectures and discussions:

Printed versions of three papers in French:
- Isabel Loureiro:
- Michael Löwy:
- Philippe Corcuff:

Paris, Sorbonne, October 4th and 5th, 2013

Friday, 4 October: Sorbonne, amphithéâtre Lefebvre,
Entrance: “Rue Cujas”, Staircase R, Galerie Jean-Baptiste Dumas

Saturday, October 5th :
(CHANGE OF VENUE!): Sorbonne, amphitéâtre Cauchy,
Entrance: “Rue Cujas”, Staircase F, Galerie Richelieu

 The conference languages will be French and English with simultaneous translation.

« Rosa Luxemburg’s Concepts of Democracy and Revolution »

One of the most important contributions of Rosa Luxemburg to modern Marxist thought is her refusal to separate the concepts of “democracy” and “revolution”. This approach is developed in a) her criticism of the limits of bourgeois democracy, b) her conception of the revolutionary struggle as democratic self-emancipation of the great masses, c) her vision of socialist democracy with the workers’ councils’ system as a possible form of “dictatorship of the proletariat”, and d) her firm insistence - in discussion with Russian revolutionaries - on the importance of democratic freedoms in the transition towards socialism.
We will deal with the question of democracy in her writings on Marxism, on political economy and on the national question (self-administration and national autonomy as democratic solutions).
These are issues that remain relevant at the beginning of the 21 Century. The aim of the Conference will be not only to analyze the historical aspects and the texts themselves, but also the political significance of these issues, in an epoch that sees a crisis of democracy within the context of crisis in capitalist civilization.


You will find abstracts of most conference papers on the site “Ankuendigungen”.

 Friday, October 4th
 Venue: Sorbonne, amphithéâtre Lefebvre, Entrance: “Rue Cujas”, Staircase R, Galerie Jean-Baptiste Dumas

3pm – 5:30pm: Panel Discussion 1: Presentation of New Editions of Rosa Luxemburg’s Work in French, English, and German
Jacqueline Bois (France), Peter Hudis (USA), Annelies Laschitza (Germany), Holger Politt (Germany/Poland), Eric Sevault (France)

5:30pm-6:30pm: informal reception

6:30pm-9pm: Opening of the Conference

I) Introduction [6:30pm – 7pm]
Presidency:  Elisabeth Gauthier (France)
Welcome speeches: Narihiko Ito (Japan), Evelin Wittich (Germany)

II) Panel Discussion 2. Opening  [7pm – 9pm]
- Rory Castle (UK): Rosa Luxemburg, Her Family and the Origins of her Revolutionary Outlook
- Isabel Loureiro (Brazil): Rosa Luxemburg, démocratie et révolution
- Mylene Gaulard (France): Rosa Luxemburg face aux possibilités de réformes démocratiques du capitalisme : Bernstein et Keynes
- Michael Löwy (France/Brazil): « Le coup de marteau de la révolution ». La critique de la démocratie bourgeoise chez Rosa Luxemburg
- Claudie Weill (France): Nation et démocratie

Saturday, October 5th
CHANGE OF VENUE (!!!): Sorbonne, amphitéâtre Cauchy, Entrance:
Rue Cujas”, Staircase F, Galerie Richelieu

10am – 12:15pm: Panel Discussion 3: Socialism and Democracy
- Michael Brie (Germany): Socialism and Democracy. The critique of the bolshevists by Rosa Luxemburg reconsidered 
- Jean-Numa Ducange (France): Le socialisme français vu par Rosa Luxemburg
- Ottokar Luban (Germany): Creativity of the Proletariat as the Crucial Key Word for Rosa Luxemburg’s Concept of a Revolutionary Socialist Mass Movement
- Pablo Slavin (Argentina): Democracy and Revolution at work of Rosa Luxemburg
- Feliks Tych (Poland) : La perception de Rosa Luxemburg dans le milieu scientifique et le grand public polonaise après 1989

12:15pm – 2pm: Lunch break

2pm – 4:15pm: Panel Discussion 4: Bourgeois Democracy, Revolutionary Democracy
- Sobhanlal Datta Gupta (India): Evolution of Rosa Luxemburg's concept of Revolutionary Democracy in the light of her Gesammelte Briefe
- Michael Kraetke (UK/Germany): Rosa Luxemburg et la critique de la politique
- David Muhlmann (France): Le contenu de la « démocratie socialiste » chez Rosa Luxemburg 
- Ingo Schmidt (Canada/Germany): ‘The Accumulation of Capital’ – Economic Underpinnings of Rosa Luxemburg’s Democratic Socialism
- Jörg Wollenberg (Germany): Rosa Luxemburg and the “Freedom of Dissenters” - About the background and consequences of the "Complete Edition" of the "Russian Revolution” of Rosa Luxemburg in Paris 1939

4:15pm - 4:45pm: Coffee break

4:45pm – 7pm: Panel Discussion 5: Rosa Luxemburg and Others
- Philippe Corcuff (France): Rosa Luxemburg, la radicalité et la démocratie : John Dewey et André Gorz comme vis-à-vis
- Frigga Haug (Germany)Attempt to follow Rosa Luxemburg’s footsteps in fighting for democracy from the base
- Alexey Gusev (Russia) : Rosa Luxemburg and the problem of institutional foundations of socialist democracy in the history of Marxist thought 
- Ben Lewis (UK): “Is that our programme, Karl?” Luxemburg, democracy and the challenge of the German Revolution 
- Sandra Rein (Canada) : Re-reading Rosa Luxemburg’s Theory and Practice as a feminist text


We thank our friends in Paris, especially Elisabeth Gauthier, Michael Löwy, Jean-Numa Ducange, Claudie Weill, Jacqueline Bois, Maxime Benatouil, Eric Sevault, for their strong engagement in organizing the conference.

Prof. Dr. Narihiko ITO (Chairman of the International Rosa Luxemburg Society)
Ottokar Luban (secretary of the International Rosa Luxemburg Society)

Conference organized and/or supported by:

• International Rosa Luxemburg Society
• University of Paris I Panthéon-La Sorbonne/Centre d’histoire des systèmes de pensée moderne (CHSPM)
• Espaces Marx
• Rosa Luxemburg Foundation
• Gerda und Hermann Weber Stiftung
• Transform!Europe
• Collectif Smolny
• Revue internationale »Actuel Marx«
• Revue critique »Contretemps«


2012 Publication

Sobhanlal Datta Gupta

Marxism in Dark Times
Select Essays for the New Century

A comprehensive collection of essays on an alternative understanding of Marxism, anchored in the ideas of humanism, democracy and pluralism.
Imprint: Anthem Press India
ISBN 9789380601199
February 2012 | 236 Pages | PRICE: £60.00 / $99.00

Table of Contents

Preface; Acknowledgements; A Note on Translations; List of Abbreviations; Introduction; Part I Marxism: Beyond Dogma, an Alternative Quest; 1. The ‘Communist Manifesto’ after 150 Years: Some Observations; 2. Rosa Luxemburg’s Vision of Socialism: Some Reflections; 3. Antonio Gramsci and the Heritage of Marxism; 4. Contrasting Perspectives of International Communism on the Working Class Movement: 1924–1934; 5. Comintern: Exploring the New Historiography; 6. History’s Suppressed Voice: Significance of Nikolai Bukharin’s Prison Manuscripts (1937–38); 7. Rosa Luxemburg’s Letters as Texts of a New Vision of Revolutionary Democracy and Socialism; 8. Understanding Socialism as Hegemony: Rosa Luxemburg and Nikolai Bukharin; 9. Frankfurt School, Moscow and David Ryazanov: New Perspectives; 10. ‘Perestroika’ and Socialism: Promises and Problems; Part II Marxism: Challenges and Possibilities in the New Century; 11. Marxism in Dark Times: Rediscovering a Revolutionary Legacy; 12. Re-visioning Socialism in a Plural Age; 13. Marxism, Modernity and History: Towards an Alternative Understanding; 14. Marxism and Postmodernism: Confrontation or Dialogue?; 15. Intellectuals, Knowledge and the Masses: A Question of Pedagogy; 16. Marxism in the 21st Century: Towards a New Understanding?

Author Information
Sobhanlal Datta Gupta was formerly the Surendra Nath Banerjee Professor of Political Science at the University of Calcutta, and is one of the most distinguished scholars of Marxism in India. His research is based primarily on German and Russian materials

Past Conference of the

.International  R o s a  L u x e m b u r g Society

  October 5 / 6, 2011 in Moscow.



(Russian State Archive of Social-Political History)

Bolshaya Dmitrovka  15
Moscow, Russia, 103 821

Main Conference Issues:

    • Rosa Luxemburg and “World Politics“ – World Economy and Imperialism
    • Rosa Luxemburg and Russia

See the list of registered conference papers on the site “Ankuendigungen”with a number of English abstracts as downloads

See also the conference report (in German) on the site “Konferenzen” with several German and English lecture papers as downloads.


 Rosa Luxemburg Foundation with its Moscow Office, Foundation “Alternatives”, Moscow


 Conference Reader

with essays from the events in Tokyo (2007) and Berlin (2009)

has been published at the end of 2010:

Narihiko Ito, Annelies Laschitza, Ottokar Luban (ed.):

Rosa Luxemburg. Ökonomische und historisch-politische Aspekte ihres Werkes. Internationale Rosa-Luxemburg-Gesellschaft in Tokio, April 2007, und Berlin, Januar 2009, Karl Dietz Verlag Berlin 2010, ca. 190 S., Broschur, 16,90 €, ISBN 978-3-320-02233-4

Please help us for a wide distribution of our new booklet - e. g. in asking your library to buy it. 

You find the contents of our conference reader ( in German) at this website, see site “Ankündigungen”

We would appreciate your suggestions for supplements for new Rosa Luxemburg literature on this website.

Kind regards

          Prof. Dr. Narihiko Ito       Ottokar Luban



P a s t  International Conference in Chicago:

A Century of May Days: Labor and Social Struggles
29 April - 2 May 2010

See Photoreport and Schedule on site “Konferenzen”

These were the lectures on Rosa Luxemburg :
Friday, 30 April 2010

Prof. Dr. Feliks Tych (1929-2015)

An Outstanding Rosa Luxemburg Researcher

Historian of the European Labor Movement, and of Post-Holocaust Issues

On February 17th, 2015 Feliks Tych passed away in Warsaw at the age of 85. The distinguished Polish scholar is well known to North American and UK historians mainly for his important research results on the famous Polish-German socialist Rosa Luxemburg and on the “Jewish Bund”.

During World War II his Jewish parents could give him to a Polish family. So he survived while all other family members became victims of the Holocaust. After the war he studied history in Warsaw and Moscow and in 1960 he received his post-doctoral degree (habilitation) with a thesis about the Left Polish Socialist Party in World War I. Between 1956 and 1968 he worked at the Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences and in the History Department of the Polish Workers Movement. During these years and later on, too, he initiated several important projects and edited very carefully reference books and document volumes e. g. the “Biographical Dictionary of Polish Labor Movement”, the “Archive of Labor Movement” with unknown documents from Polish and Russian archives in 11 volumes, the Journal “Z pola walki“ with many essays and documentations like some unknown Rosa Luxemburg letters which were discovered by Feliks Tych in a Moscow archive.

But in 1968 as a result of the anti-Jewish purges in Poland he was dismissed. Nevertheless he continued his scientific work - for the next two years as a “free” academic writer - publishing 3 volumes with the complete Rosa Luxemburg letters to her close companion Leo Jogiches - a pioneer work which was translated into German, French, and English and gave much impact and inspiration to the Rosa Luxemburg research. It was especially this work that gave him an international reputation in the early years of his career. When the anti-Semitic wave in Poland went down again he could work as the head of the archive of the Polish Labor Party and was appointed as extraordinary professor in 1970, as full professor in 1982.

After the cancellation of travel restrictions by the Polish communist authorities for him he could join again the “International Conference of Labour and Social History” an annual congress in the city of Linz in Austria and meeting place for international scholars of labor movement. During his permanent active participation he influenced the meetings as a “bridge constructor” between the “Eastern” and “Western” historians which was quite a difficult but important task in the era of the “Cold War”. In the same sense he worked actively in the “International Rosa Luxemburg Society” (Chairman: Prof. Narihiko Ito, Tokyo) since its foundation in 1980. Due to his international reputation he received invitations from foreign universities and in the 1990s worked as visiting professor at several German universities. From 1995 to 2006 he headed the Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw for which he improved its financial stability and of its scientific and public influence and reputation. One result was the “Museum of Polish Jews” which he initiated and realized with the help of many volunteers. Several important publication projects (some of which he even continued after his retirement) were e. g. document editions like the Ringelblum archive papers from the Warsaw Ghetto, the documents on the Polish Jews who had fled to the Russian occupied part of Poland, children interviews protocols on the holocaust (1944-1948). At the same time he still lectured and published on labor movement issues. As a special honor he was asked to take over the memorial speech before the German Parliament on the International Holocaust Remembrance Day, 27 January 2010.

Prof. Tych leaves a rich scientific heritage: He was author of five monographs, a most careful editor of 26 tomes of reference books on labor movement and Jewish history in Eastern and Central Europe during the late 19th and the 20th century. He was a most appreciated lecturer at international conferences and a much demanded writer by scientific journals with altogether about 300 papers. Many of his works have been published not only in Poland but also in other countries from Germany on to France, Italy, Austria, Hungary, Israel, the US, the United Kingdom, and Japan.
During some well organized conferences in Warsaw (e. g. 1996 on Rosa Luxemburg, 1997 and 2012 on the “Jewish Bund”) friends and colleagues enjoyed his generous hospitality. Feliks Tych will always be kept in mind as an outstanding historian, as an inspiring, encouraging colleague and good friend.

Ottokar Luban (“International Rosa Luxemburg Society”) 


Internationale Rosa Luxemburg-Konferenz

Socialism in Asia and Europe

27 - 28 November 2015
ungkonghoe University
Seoul, Korea

See program: http://ieas21.or.kr/rosa2015/

May 2015

The Complete Works of Rosa Luxemburg,
Edited by Peter Hudis

Volume II: Economic Writings 2,
Edited by Peter Hudis and Paul LeBlanc

Rosa Luxemburg’s theoretical masterpiece

Rosa Luxemburg (1871–1919) is widely regarded as one of the most creative writers of modern socialism and the foremost female theoretician of European radicalism. Her wide-ranging and incisive works, which include studies on capitalism’s inherent drive for global expansion, the relation between spontaneity and organization, and the inseparability of democracy and socialism, have made her a pole of attraction for theorists and activists around the world. Her fiercely independent intellect and uncompromising defense of human liberty speaks more powerfully to our era than to any other.

This volume contains a new English translation of Luxemburg’s most important book, The Accumulation of Capital (1913) as well as her response to its critics. Taken together, they constitute one of the most important Marxist studies of the globalization of capital.

Hardback, 576 pages; ISBN: 9781781688526,  £70.00, 30% off : £49.00 , Free shipping

- The Complete Works of Rosa Luxemburg, Volume 1: Economic Writings I
Edited by Peter Hudis,

London / New York November 2013,
Hardback, 464 pages, ISBN: 9781844679744
Other Editions: Ebook, ISBN: 9781844679751, July 2013, $94.95

 Part of the The Complete Works of Rosa Luxemburg series

 February 2011

The Letters of Rosa Luxemburg

 by Rosa Luxemburg

 Edited by Annelies Laschitza, Georg Adler, and Peter Hudis

 Translated by George Shriver

Letters from the heroic German revolutionary to her comrades, friends and lovers.

This is the most comprehensive collection of letters by Rosa Luxemburg ever published in English, including 190 letters written to leading figures in the European and international labor and socialist movements like Leo Jogiches, Karl Kautsky, Clara Zetkin and Karl Liebknecht and others who were her closest friends, lovers and colleagues. Many of these letters appear for the first time in English translation; all help to illuminate the inner life of this iconic revolutionary, who was at once an economic and social theorist, a political activist and a lyrical stylist. Her political concerns are revealed alongside her personal struggles within a socialist movement that was often hostile to independently minded women. This collection will provide readers with a newer and deeper appreciation of Luxemburg as a writer and historical figure.

Hardback, 512 pages, ISBN: 9781844674534

Verso Publisher’s House London / New York 2011

$ 39.95 / £ 25.00

Published in February 2011

An interesting

Rosa Luxemburg blog in England:


- Sobhanlal Datta Gupta: Rosa Luxemburg, Seribaan Publisher House Kolkata, India, 2015, Part I of the Series “The Socialist Vision and the Silenced Voices of Democracy: New Perspectives”. ISBN: 81-87492-51-1

- Kate Evans: Red Rosa, a Graphic Biography of Rosa Luxemburg, written and illustrated by Kate Evans, edited and with an afterword by Paul Buhle, London /Brooklyn, N.Y., 2015. ISBN-13: 978-1-78478-099-9

- All Power to the Councils! A Documentary History of the German Revolution of 1918 -1919. Edited and Translated by Gabriel Kuhn, PM Press Oakland, CA, USA, 2012, The Merlin Press, Pontypool, Wales, U.K., 2012, ISBN: 978-1-60486-111-2;

    Unedited English Papers from the International Conference in Tokyo, April 2007
    see: http://www-bunken.tamacc.chuo-u.ac.jp/rosa_confe2007/papers.htm (with downloads)

    - Doğan Goecmen (Adıyaman, Turkey): Rosa Luxemburg, the legacy of classical German philosophy and the fundamental methodological questions of social and political theory1

    - Subhoranjan Dasgupta (Kolkata, India): Rosa Luxemburg’s Response to and Critique of Creativity and Culture

    - He Ping (Wuhan, China): Rosa Luxemburg “The Accumulation of Capital” and China

    - Michael R. Kraetke (Lancaster, U.K.): Rosa Luxemburg – Her analysis of Imperialismand her contribution to the critique of political economy (First draft)

    - William A. Pelz (Chicago, USA): Another Luxemburgism is Possible: Reflections on Rosa and the Radical Socialist Project”

    - Pablo Slavin (Mar del Plata, Argentina): Rosa Luxemburg’s concept of Democracy

    - Gyoergy Szell (Osnabrück, Germany): Militarism &Capitalism

    - Zhou Shangwen (Shanghai, China)/Zhang Zhiyao (Yangzhou, China): Rosa Luxemburg’s Contribution to the Movement of Women’s Emancipation

    - Zhou Shangwen (Shanghai, China)/Zhang ZhiyaoYangzhou, China): How Rosa Luxembourg Look On Marxism and Socialism

    - Zhao kai-rong (Wuhan, China): Marxism: how to face the challenge of nationalism? The divergence and its contemporary significance of Marx, Lenin, Luxemburg’s thought on nationalism


    Unedited English Papers from the International Conference in Berlin, January 2009
    (with downloads)

    - He Ping (Wuhan, China): Studies of Rosa Luxemburg in China since 2006

    - Sobhanlal Datta Gupta (Kolkata, India): Rosa Luxemburg’s Letters as Texts of a New Vision of Revolutionary Democracy and Socialism

 June 2009

Rosa Luxemburg and the Critique of Political Economy

Edited by Riccardo Bellofiore

This book analyzes the important contributions of Rosa Luxemburg to economic theory as well as devoting some space to her background as a left social-democratic politician and her personality.

The book's main focus of attention is the theory of capitalist development and the theory of the crash, but its connection with the theory of value, the theory of the monetary circuit, the theory of distribution and the theory of international finance are also explored.

The contributors to the volume come from different theoretical perspectives, both from within and outside the Marxian tradition - Post-Keynesians, Kaleckians and Circuitists are all included.

Table of Contents

Rosa Luxemburg and the Critique of Political Economy, edited by Riccardo Bellofiore, Routledge Studies in the History of Economics, Routledge: Thirteen papers discuss Rosa Luxemburg's contribution to Marxian critical political economy. Papers explore: Rosa Luxemburg's on capitalist dynamics, distribution and effective demand crises (Riccardo Bellofiore) Luxemburg's critique of Karl Marx's schemes of reproduction--a reevaluation and a possible generalization (Meghnad Desai and Roberto Veneziani); Where does the money and demand- come from?--Rosa Luxemburg and the Marxian reproduction schema (Andrew B. Trigg); The monetary circuit of capital in the Anti-Critique (Riccardo Bellofiore); Late Marx and Luxemburg--opening a development within political economy (Paul Zarembka); Rosa Luxemburg and finance (Jan Toporowski); Economics, politics, and crisis theory--Luxemburg, Bukharin, and Grossmann on the limits of capital (Paul Mattick); Luxemburg's and Kalecki's theories and visions of capitalist dynamics (Tadeusz Kowalik); Imperialism today (Joseph Halevi); Rosa Luxemburg on imperialism--some issues of substance and method (Roberto Veneziani); Rosa Luxemburg's The Accumulation of Capital: East and West (He Ping); A very political political economist-- Rosa Luxemburg's theory of wages (Michael R. Kraetke); Rosa Luxemburg on trade unions and the party--the polemics with Kautsky and Lenin--an assessment (Andrea Panaccione); and Luxemburg--the woman, the revolutionary (Edoarda Masi). Riccardo Bellofiore is Professor of Political Economy at the University of Bergamo and Research Associate with the Centre for the History and Methodology of Economics at the University of Amsterdam. Index.

Author Biography

Riccardo Bellofiore is at the University of Bergamo, Italy.

June 2009: 216pp | Hardback: 978-0-415-40570-6 £70.00 DISCOUNTED PRICE £56.00 €66.00 For more information visit: www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415405706/

For more details, or to request a copy for review, please contact: Gemma Walker, Marketing Co-ordinator Gemma.Walker@tandf.co.uk +44 (0) 207 017 6192

Toward the United Front
Proceedings of the Fourth Congress of the Communist International, 1922

Edited and translated by John Riddell, 1,310 pages
Leiden: Brill, 2012 www.brill.nl

Dear Colleague
I am writing to you to inform you, if you are not already aware, that the proceedings of the Fourth Congress of the Communist International have now appeared in English: http://www.brill.nl/toward-united-front. (See description below.)

As you may know, I previously translated and edited the proceedings of the First and Second Congresses, as well as the Baku Congress and two other volumes, with Pathfinder Press. The publisher has changed, but the project continues and I am currently working on the Third Congress.

As you can imagine, the preparation of this volume was a gargantuan and collective task, and all involved are very keen to see the book be given the widest possible circulation. Although a paperback edition will come out with Haymarket Books, we would like to encourage you to, wherever possible, do all you can to get your institutional (university, departmental, institute and public lending) libraries to order copies of the hardback editions.

Should you require any publicity material for this purpose (leaflets and so forth), please write to sebastian.budgen@clara.co.uk. If you wish, you may use the publisher’s library recommendation form.

Please do not hesitate to contact me if you have any queries about the project, and I thank you in advance for circulating this letter to any interested parties and for helping us to get more copies into libraries.
John Riddell

The proceedings of the last Comintern congress in which Lenin participated, now at last available in English, reveals a Communist world movement grappling to reconcile the goal of unifying workers and colonial people in struggle with that of pressing forward to socialist revolution. The principle of national parties’ autonomy strains against calls for more stringent centralisation. Debates range over the birth of Fascism, decay of the Versailles Treaty system, the rise of colonial revolution, and women’s emancipation. Newly translated and richly annotated, the stenographic transcript of the month-long congress discloses a rich spectrum of viewpoints among delegates. Indispensable source material on early Communism is supplemented by an analytic introduction, detailed footnotes, more than 500 short biographies, glossary, chronology, and index.

ISBN: 978 90 04 20778 3 ISSN 1570-1522




A most interesting website


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